People across North America are playing a role in our effort to increase and improve breeding and migratory habitat for monarchs and other pollinators. These habitats, both large and small, serve as important food sources for monarch adults and caterpillars. During the breeding season, female monarchs lay eggs on milkweed plants because it is the only thing that their larvae can eat. Adults obtain nectar from a variety of different flowering species. These islands of habitat also offer a place to rest and refuel for migrating butterflies each spring and fall.
Monarchs can benefit from a variety of habitats. The key components to a successful habitat are the availability of native milkweed plants (Asclepias spp.) and nectar sources. Mixed wildflower species that bloom throughout the growing season provide monarchs and other pollinators a continuous source of food.
Types of Monarch Habitat
Read more about the habitat types recognized in this program on our Create Habitat for Monarchs page. They include:
- Gardens - these include home gardens, schoolyards, office parks, and similar areas.
- Managed Corridors - utility rights of way, roadsides, highways, abandoned railroads and other linear features.
- Agricultural Areas - farms and fallow fields.
- Natural and Restored Areas - parks, nature sites, and other areas not used for another purpose.
- Other - we welcome new ideas on how to create monarch habitat!
Do you have a butterfly habitat on your property? We want to hear from you! Tell us about the plants you grow, and the butterfly friendly practices you have adopted. Share your story and photos with us. Add your habitat to the map of success stories!
Visit monarch habitats all over the country by using our interactive map. Learn what others are doing to conserve monarchs!
'Bee' one in a million! By sharing your success story with us, you are joining a nation-wide effort to create one million pollinator gardens. All entries to the Monarch Joint Venture Success Story Map are submitted to the Million Pollinator Garden Challenge. Find out more about this challenge.